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Introducing The Iterative Journey of Threat Modeling

In the field of software development, safeguarding applications against potential threats is a very crucial part. One foundational way to fortify your application is threat modeling. It is a proactive and systematic approach that helps identify and mitigate potential security threats by asking four pivotal questions, we’ll go into each question’s significance and explain the iterative nature that results in the creation of secure software.


1) What are we building?

This initial question serves as the foundational step in starting your next threat modeling process. It involves defining the scope of the system or feature, outlining its components, and understanding the functionalities it aims to deliver. Clear delineation of the system’s boundaries and identification of critical components and assets set the stage for effective threat modeling. This question encourages collaboration among team members, stakeholders, and developers to ensure a shared understanding of the system’s purpose and architecture.


2) What can go wrong?

Once the system’s scope is established, the focus shifts to anticipating potential risks. This question prompts the identification of threats and vulnerabilities that may compromise the system’s security. Drawing inspiration from doomsday scenarios and considering various attack vectors, the team explores potential weaknesses in the system. By envisioning and documenting these scenarios, developers gain insights into the types of threats the system may face, laying the groundwork for the next crucial step in the iterative process.


3) What can we do about it?

This phase involves developing mitigation strategies to address identified risks. Whether through architectural changes, secure coding practices, or the implementation of specific security measures, the team collaboratively formulates a plan to fortify the system against potential vulnerabilities. The goal is not only to identify risks but also to actively take steps to minimize their impact and likelihood of occurrence.


4) Did we do a good job?

The iterative nature of threat modeling culminates in the final question. This step involves a thorough evaluation of the threat modeling process itself. Teams assess the effectiveness of implemented mitigation strategies, analyze the system’s security posture, and consider any new developments or changes that may impact the threat landscape. Continuous learning and improvement are emphasized, ensuring that threat modeling remains an ongoing and adaptive practice throughout the software development lifecycle.



As development teams revisit these questions, they bolster their comprehension, refine their strategies, and foster a culture of perpetual enhancement. Crucially, this iterative cycle reignites with the introduction of new functionalities or alterations to the system, acknowledging that security is an ever-evolving landscape. In this realm of constant evolution, these questions empower teams to navigate intricacies, foresee threats, and build software that not only epitomizes functionality but also serves as a stronghold against the perpetually shifting currents of digital risks. The iterative nature of threat modeling is more than a procedural step; it embodies a mindset—a dedication to securing the digital future with foresight, collaboration, and an unwavering commitment to excellence.


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The author

Ward Haché

Senior Full Stack Developer

Ward is creative, eager to learn, and a team player. An enthusiastic developer who takes on any challenge, trying to get the best results in everything he does.



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